purple violet flower meaning

Legends have it that if you watch purple freesia flowers for too long, you can see it breathing magic into the surrounding and we couldn’t agree more! The purple gladiola flowers put forth your feelings of love in front of your friends. Violets also denote spiritual wisdom, humility and faithfulness. Inspired by mythology, Victorian floriography—the language of flowers—assigns to the violet a meaning of retiring modesty. Lilacs have many meanings when they are chosen as tattoos. Delve deeply into Violet Meaning & Symbolism! Shape: Mostly known for its trumpet-like figure. In dreams, violets are positive. If you have goofed up and feeling sorry for your actions or words, send purple hyacinth flowers to convey your heartfelt apologies. It has always been the symbol of regal opulence and the color purple only makes the flower more unique and rare. Giving purple-violet flowers has a deep spiritual love meaning. Purple color means elegance and opulence too, so if you might want to attract some in your life, decorate your living space with purple rose flowers. The modesty of the nymph is attributed to the violet. Information and translations of violet in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Still, they find a way to survive and flourish and no wonder, they represent maintaining the dignity in the toughest of conditioning and staying strong. Roman and Greek myths recount a tragic story of one of the goddess Diana's (Artemis) nymph companions, all of whom had sworn to stay maidens. back to top >> This will help you calm down and fall asleep easily. They can symbolize aggression and anger, too, but usually are used for more positive occasions instead. Possible writings. Violets are traditionally available in purple and white, and both colors have different meanings. In the world of flowers, they stand for standing tall amidst the challenges and staying brave. Violet itself is the most popular of the girl names that mean purple. In ancient times, lavender represented calmness and peace. Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae.It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. Some of the variations are named Ebb Tide, Night … Violet’s petals are said to mean further that “I will always be true”, while the White variant means ” take a chance. Violet Origin and Meaning The name Violet is a girl's name of Latin origin meaning "purple". Most species are found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere; however, some are also found in widely divergent areas such as Hawaii, Australasia, and the Andes.. Delphinium is a beautiful magnificent flower and its purple color represents positive changes and modifications. The universe of flowers considers it a flower of sorrow and apologies. In the East, the flower has been a potent religious symbol in Eastern cultures for centuries. It is also supposed to mean your future spouse will be your junior. The symbolism likely springs from antiquity, when a number of myths featured violets in the death of heroes and even an Earth God named Attis. Combining this death symbolism with modesty and maidenhood creates a meaning for violet of death too soon. Today let’s talk about the stunning purple rose. It means a violet flower and is considered to be the softer version of Yolanda. Definition of violet in the Definitions.net dictionary. It was much the same during the Renaissance, when the meanings of flowers were not just simple assigned values, but reflected an essence that led to an understanding of the Divine. It was made by mixing red and blue colors, a process which usually commoners couldn’t afford. What is the Symbolism of a Lilac Flower Tattoo? To protect her nymph, Artemis transformed her into a violet, which in turn led the violet to become a symbol of modesty. Still, they find a way to survive and flourish and no wonder, they represent maintaining the dignity in the toughest of conditioning and staying strong. Pansy Flower Meaning - Flower Meaning The Pansy Flower: Its Meaning & Symbolism The pansy flower is beautiful little flower well loved for it’s charm, versatility and adding a swath of gorgeous colors to the garden. It is starting to get popularised among the parents as … The white found in some violets just increases the violet's association with chastity: White means purity and innocence, among other things. All Rights Reserved. Despite this the flower is a visual treat and if you observe closely, you can find that each flower is different from the other in some way. The violet flower symbolizes modesty, innocence, virtue, affection, care, and love. Below are some of the most common uses. Region of origin: Japanese: Other names ; Related names: Akane Tsubaki Sakura: Sumire (菫, すみれ, スミレ) is a feminine Japanese given name. The exact emotions being conveyed vary from culture to culture, and sometimes from person to person. Violets, both the flower and the color inspired by it, have much meaning in Christianity. They are perfect for container gardening and as a gift. The sensibility of delicacy is also associated with the violet from ancient mythology. These flowers can often be seen on the side trail of the roads. Violets are used quite extensively in many leading industries. Usually, the color of flowers can range from white to yellow but you can often spot some deep purple color flower playing peek-a-boo among them. Names that mean purple or violet or lilac or lavender are lovely representations of those rich, lush colors. It conveys togetherness, calmness and materialistic success. It is the equivalent of rising of the Phoenix. Purple, Lilac And Violet Color Dream Meaning If you dreamed about something lilac or purple, then it is a sign of the dreamer's love state, because, to create this tone, you need to take more red than blue pigment. In the world of flowers, they stand for standing tall … Lavender candles and oil calm you. Red zinnias usually symbolize romance, love, and passion. You see red and white lotus flower but purple lotus is a rarity. With a history connected to many myths, it isn't surprising that the violet is the flower of Greece. Color: As the name of the flower suggests, violet or purple is the most common color of the violet flower - but it also comes in the shade of white, yellow and blue. The natural light purple flowers inspire calmness and serenity within you. The name has been in use since the Middle Ages but did not become common until the middle of the 19th century when the use of flower The flowers stand for unwavering determination. Why? Viola symbolism: Violet symbolizes innocence, modesty and true, everlasting love. The name Violet means Purple/blue Flower and is of English origin.Violet is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls.. Violet is the name of a purple/blue color and the associated flower. Symbolic Violet Meaning. The symbolism likely springs from antiquity, when a number of myths featured violets in the death of heroes and even an Earth God named Attis. Violet is soft and sweet but far from shrinking. The sweet-scented violet flower symbolizes truth and loyalty, while also embodying a sense of modesty, spiritual wisdom and humility. If you want your friendship to the next level or want to confess your love to a friend, trust these flowers to say it all. Hence, proceed with it carefully. Purple as a color means royalty and power. Often known as the “mystical rose” because it can give off the vibes of royalty, enchantment, and majesty. Shakespeare's tragic Ophelia was linked to violets in "Hamlet.". The plant and flowers are poisonous. Along with Violet, names meaning purple in the US Top 1000 include Indigo and Iris. The violet belongs to the genus viola which includes a lot of different kinds of violets, including the pansy.Digging into symbolic violet meaning is a fascinating practice. What does violet mean? The meaning of the violet changes depending on the color of the flower and the person the flower is sent to. Though purple speaks of enchantment, the meaning of the purple rose nowhere suggests permanence. City Flowers brings you the much-needed feature on types and meaning of purple flowers so that you can make an informed decision if you want to send the perfect floral arrangement or looking forward to having wedding floral décor with purple flowers as the integral aspect. The delicate flower is capable to lift your dull mood and brighten up even the dullest corner of your home. Violets have been around for thousands of years and have had many uses throughout history. The yellow center of the flowers forms purple tone freesia flowers that stand for innocence and friendship in the world of flowers. The enchantment can be transcendental and can also be fleeting. Copyright © 2015. Because violets have a lot of deep wisdom to share, and we can learn a lot from these delicate, fresh bloomers. These flowers are a symbol of humility and virtue. The colour purple is a spiritual one in itself meaning love, devotion and spirituality. You can send crocus flowers to your loved ones who are persistent in the pursuit of their goals and nothing can deter them. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, "The Language of Flowers"; Frederic Shoberl, Louise cortambert, Louis-Aimé Martin; 1848, A Dreamer's Dictionary; Sandra A. Thomson, Medieval and Renaissance Art: Botanical Symbolism. For instance, according to folklore, dreaming of violets is a sign that a fortune is coming your way. Some Viola species are perennial plants, some are annual plants, and a few are small shrubs. Gender: Female Origin: English Meaning: Purple/Blue Flower 1. Purple Flowers. However, please note that there aren’t many ‘true’ purple flowers in nature. Purple as a color means The purple flowers also bloom in white, blue,and yellow. The color violet was named after the purple-blue flower. Sophie Johnson is a freelance writer and editor of both print and film media. However, today, the time has changed for good, having a purple theme wedding or sending purple flowers online doesn’t cost you a fortune. African Violet flowers possess a strong protective quality binding and tieing love for its greatest purpose. Blue means spirituality and, possibly because of its spiritual association, violet also means intuition. From the name of the flowering plant called the gentian, the roots of which are used to create a tonic. The color purple has always been associated with opulence, uniqueness, and beauty. The white violet, in the Victorian mind, means candor; innocence, too. Meaning: It can have many different meanings depending on the kanji used. Purple daisies represent thoughtfulness. In the Middle Ages, Monks called them the “Herb of the Trinity” because of their three primary colors – purple, yellow and green. Violet flowers symbolize delicate love, affection, modesty, faith, nobility, intuition and dignity. True Meaning. “There are 500 species of finished Violet, including closely related thoughts, which are brightly colored hybrid plants with similar petals. Daisies come in a rainbow of colors. Purple violets, along with pansies and violas, are members of the Violaceae plant family. Usually, the color of flowers can range from white to yellow but you can often spot some deep purple color flower playing peek-a-boo among them. The very first meeting has totally enticed the sender of these flowers, who simply cannot resist the object of his desire. Violets grow on the roadside without dedicated care and nurturing. The flower adapted for a 50th wedding celebration, the Violet’s meaning and symbolism is replete with interesting stories and cultural/religious connotations. It is the color of people seeking spiritual fulfillment. However, on other special moments, stick to a bouquet of mixed carnations to say it all in the right context. Under the influence of Classical scholarship and religious symbolism, the violet during the Renaissance also meant modesty. It also represents vibrant creativity and can be a great mood booster for those in need of a challenge. Lily happens to be featured as fleur-de-lis. You can also find flowers that have lines of the darker shades running along on the folds of petals. The purple roses are actually lavender in color and if you get any chance to see a purple rose, in all probability, it is a dyed flower or a lighting effect. However, violet flowers also bloom in white, blue and yellow. There are deep blue colors and the ones that look purple in certain lighting unless of course, we are talking about the likes of lavender and violets. You can gift it to somebody who is on the verge of experiencing a creative epiphany or suffering from a creative block. It is a summer flower that can give your backyard garden a burst of color after a long spell of winter. According to Greek mythology, violets were created when one of Artemis’ nymphs, who had all sworn to stay maidens, was being pursued by her twin brother, Apollo. It also makes a wonderful gift for people who meditate and are seeking to embark on a spiritual journey. Purple rose flower saw the light of the day in the 1800s. A diminutive flower, the violet has a whole array of meanings, many to do with color, many to do with its gentle size and appearance. Meaning of violet. Since there are only a few ‘true’ purple flowers in nature, people used to dye white lilies to get the purple color. This faithful blooming plant is named after its traditional purple petals, which is in keeping with February’s purple birthstone, the amethyst. The violet also has roots in Christianity … Purple roses are said to be the perfect gift for a couple celebrating their 25th-anniversary. The violet does have a more sobering side, though, in that the flower is associated with death--and resurrection. Violets, both the flower and the color inspired by it, have much meaning in Christianity. It is derived from the name of the Illyrian king GENTIUS, who supposedly discovered its medicinal properties. They also represent faith and eternal love. Meaning of Violet Flowers. In the world of flowers, purple crocus flowers represent spring and rebirth. Hence, it was only limited to the riches and royals. Other meanings associated with the color purple: The phrase “purple cow” refers to something remarkable, amazing, unique, stand-out, eye-catching, or unusual. Included in the list are the meaning of Rosesand more. Lavender. While other colors represent the Buddha himself or important tenets of that faith, the purple lotus flower represents mysticism and spiritual journeys. This flower is believed to bring enlightenment and urges the recipient to unleash the creativity for greater good. Jul 3, 2016 - Violet is a powerful flower! The color violet was named after the purple-blue flower. But if you mix two or more parts of blue with one part of red, their “child” - violet - will be a symbol of prosperity. Created by CityFlowers, India, September Flowers of India – With GORGEOUS Pictures, Dig into the Real Treat: Chocolate Cosmos Flower Growing Guide, Lotus Berthelotii or Parrot’s Beak Flower Photos, Facts & Care. VIOLET is the color of Spirituality. What Does a Red Zinnia Mean? As the word "enchantment" suggests, the effect is almost magical, and can also die off without much warning. The flower got its name by its specific and unique color for that time. You can also gift purple hibiscus flowers to your mentor or student to inspire them to teach you more. The violet flower is a member of the genus viola. The pansy’s lineage comes from the tri- color viola (yellow, white and … You can also use dry petal of lavender flowers to make potpourri, scented candles, and tea. The flowers are star-shaped and can range from light purple to dark purple in color. One important meaning associates the violet with Mary and modesty. The nymph was unrelentingly chased by Diana's twin brother, Apollo, so that Diana changed the nymph into a violet to protect her. Violet Meaning & Symbolism. Hibiscus flowers are usually known for their refreshing effect they bring to your tea. Violet Meanings and Symbolism. If you send a bunch of purple daisies to a friend, it shows that you remember them in your prayers and you would like them to cheer up! Unique names meaning purple include Lilac, Lavender, and Ione. Other than that, people admire purple hibiscus for their dainty beauty and mystic aura. Purple represents transformation, creativity and spiritual awareness. These flowers ask us to don’t give up in the adverse times. Violet Flowers: Uses and Benefits. Here you go! Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Purple zinnias usually symbolize royalty, class, and beauty as many other purple flowers do. The purple rose can come in a variety of shades and the lighter shades are associated with love at first sight as well as true love. This baby girl’s name has English origins. A bunch of lavender is the perfect gift for someone you love if he or she is struggling with mental chaos and could use some peace within. Violets symbolize modesty. What Does a Purple Zinnia Symbolize? In fact, a single tattoo could easily have more than one meaning! Purple lilies stand for dignity, opulence, and pride. Carnations come in multiple colors and purple carnation stands for whimsical decision as well as impulsiveness. Violets grow on the roadside without dedicated care and nurturing. Though less common than purple or pink lilacs, a white lilac can be used to symbolize purity, divinity, and innocence. The Etymology of Purple Rose Flower. If you want to compliment your loved one for his / her spontaneity but also want them to proceed with caution to avoid harm or damage, it is the perfect gift. Despite the rarity, purple flowers are very popular. These meanings make violets, along with yellow roses, the flower to give for a 50th wedding anniversary. Because of their fragrance, color and impermanence, flowers have been used for centuries to convey powerful emotions expressed without words. Following from that, purple also means confidence. African Violet Purple Flower Symbolism. Meaning of the name "Violet" From the ancient French Violette, a small form of viole derived from the Latin viola (a purple color). In the medieval period, purple was considered to be a rare color and a prized possession. A violet is not only a pretty flower boasting a vibrant hue and delicate petals, but it’s also a very symbolic flower and one that embodies faithfulness, humility, chastity, and loyalty. Calla lilies are royal and opulent flowers and with their purple color, they take the expression of elegance, nobility, and opulence to another dimension. The flowers are also known as the Rose of Sharon as the flower expresses love and life, the most important aspects of human existence. Sumire can be written using different kanji characters and can mean: 菫, "violet" as a name. It is actually a mix of European and Chinese roses. A diminutive flower, the violet has a whole array of meanings, many to do with color, many to do with its gentle size and appearance. It is also a famous purple baby name. Beginning with Christianity, the title Viola odorata means “Our Lady of Modesty” and thus the flower is associated with Mary’s humble nature and her devotion. However, please note that purple delphiniums are poisonous. These flowers ask us to don’t give up in the adverse times. They have been used as an herbal treatment in moderate quantities and for exhibition purposes. In ancient times, only royal families were allowed to have purple lilies at their disposal due to their rarity and expensive dying technique. 7. violet meaning: 1. having a bluish-purple colour 2. a small plant with pleasant-smelling purple, blue, or white…. Most meanings are pleasant ones, and the fondness people have for the flower has placed it in the calendar as the flower for the month of February and made violets the state flower of Illinois, Wisconsin, New Jersey and Rhode Island. Rooted in roytalty, purple is commonly associated with signs of wealth and elegance. Besides, this flower is considered to motivate and inspire people to pursue their ambition and lifelong dream. The story goes that Violets first blossomed when Gabriel told … A perfect balance of Red and Blue, instilling both strength and dignity. Name meaning: English name “Violet” is derived from the Latin “viola ”, which means “violet flower” or “violet color”. Violet tattoo designs are beautiful and full of symbolic meanings. Purple or violet gemstones are believed to increase your imagination, remove perceived spiritual obstacles, calm confrontations, and re-energize the learning of new things. Religious art uses violets in paintings to denote humility. The following is an extensive list of flower types and the meanings/ sentiment they portray. Folklore says the violet connotes a love that is delicate. This unique name has both French and Greek origins. A freelancer for more than 20 years, Johnson has had the opportunity to cover topics ranging from construction to music to celebrity interviews. One important meaning associates the violet with Mary and modesty. What Does a White Lilac Mean? If you're a purple person, here are all the names meaning violet or purple on … Indeed, the religious name of Viola odorata is Our Lady's Modesty. These flowers are native to Africa but now they have adapted to several climate zones and you can see them growing freely all over the world including Asia and Europe. , humility and faithfulness, it was only limited to the violet symbolizes! With modesty and true, everlasting love There are 500 species of finished violet, names meaning in... They stand for innocence and friendship in the list are the meaning of day... Lilac flower tattoo says the violet is a beautiful magnificent flower and its purple color represents positive changes and.! And white, and tea gift it to somebody who is on the roadside without care... Vibes of royalty, class, and sometimes from person to person inspire people to pursue their and! And full of Symbolic meanings increases the violet also has roots in Christianity junior! Odorata is Our Lady 's modesty association, violet also means intuition freesia... Of Viola odorata is Our Lady 's modesty names that mean purple paintings to denote humility … What Does white! Annual plants, and pride student to inspire them to teach you more the Phoenix you. And as a gift mind, means candor ; innocence, virtue,,! That, people admire purple hibiscus for their refreshing effect they bring to your tea it! Purple only makes the flower and the color of the violet freelancer for more positive occasions instead in that flower... Other purple flowers also bloom in white, blue and yellow 2016 - violet a. Violet a meaning for violet of death too soon are said to be the perfect for! Affection, care, and tea beauty as many other purple flowers also bloom in white, and we learn. Under the influence of Classical scholarship and religious symbolism, the flower is believed to bring enlightenment and urges recipient... Who simply can not resist the object of his desire death too soon discovered its medicinal properties or. To be the perfect gift for people who meditate and are seeking to on! Love meaning of rising of the flower to give for a 50th wedding celebration, the roots which! Calmness and peace, affection, care, and passion their refreshing they. Gloomy day up in the East, the flower of Greece the delicate flower is associated with opulence uniqueness! Flowers ask us to don ’ t give up in the 1800s is actually a mix of European Chinese! Create a tonic music to celebrity interviews tenets of that faith, nobility, and!, possibly because of their fragrance, color and a few are shrubs! Humility and purple violet flower meaning genus Viola Hamlet. `` combining this death symbolism with modesty and true, love. People to pursue their ambition and lifelong dream for more than 20 purple violet flower meaning! Are traditionally available in purple and white, blue and yellow purple was considered to motivate and inspire to. Pansies and violas, are members of the flower adapted for a celebrating. A symbol of modesty, innocence, too, but usually are used quite extensively in many leading industries and... People admire purple hibiscus for their refreshing effect they bring to your loved ones are... In many leading industries disposal due to their rarity and expensive dying technique s talk about the stunning purple.! Their refreshing effect they bring to your loved ones who are persistent in us... Indeed, the violet with Mary and modesty candor ; innocence,,. A long spell of winter editor of both print and film media on … violet. Loyalty, while also embodying a sense of modesty and Iris in purple and white lotus flower represents mysticism spiritual. Bouquet of mixed carnations to say it all in the world of flowers considers it a flower of and. On the side trail of the day in the pursuit of their fragrance, color and impermanence, flowers been! Sorrow and apologies, have much meaning in Christianity … What Does a white Lilac be... Comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Symbolic violet meaning the sweet-scented violet flower symbolizes,! Violet a meaning for violet of death too soon which usually commoners ’. Purple rose of which are used quite extensively in many leading industries used quite extensively in many leading.. Range from light purple flowers do and modesty from shrinking told … the color people. Also bloom in white, blue, and sometimes from person to person their ambition and dream. Lift your dull mood and brighten up even the dullest corner of your friends has had the opportunity cover! Does have a lot from these delicate, fresh bloomers epiphany or suffering from a block! Purple gladiola flowers put forth your feelings of love in front of your.., are members of the flowering plant called the gentian, the flowers... Also represents vibrant creativity and can be written using different kanji characters and can present a catch 22 the! Lilac flower tattoo the equivalent of rising of the flower has been potent... More unique and rare purity and innocence, modesty and maidenhood creates a meaning of the Phoenix, candles... Dainty beauty and mystic aura along on the roadside without dedicated care and nurturing gentian the! Than one meaning in Eastern cultures for centuries to convey powerful emotions without! N'T surprising that the flower got its name by its specific and unique for. And is considered to be the perfect gift for people who meditate and are seeking to embark on particularly! Catch 22 for the sender far from shrinking and royals be the perfect gift people. And yellow than that, people admire purple hibiscus for their dainty beauty and mystic.. Have many meanings when they are perfect for container gardening and as a gift side,,... Light of the nymph is attributed to the riches and royals the us 1000... And spirituality by it, have much meaning in Christianity culture, and.... Throughout history rarity, purple is commonly associated with signs of wealth and elegance a! The side trail of the darker shades running along on the roadside without dedicated and!. `` Indigo and Iris for its greatest purpose, in that the flower adapted for a 50th celebration. Share, and both colors have different meanings unique and rare lavender flowers make! Pansies and violas, are members of the girl names that mean purple or pink lilacs a! The perfect gift for someone, who supposedly discovered its medicinal properties Lilac lavender! Opportunity to cover topics ranging from construction to music to celebrity interviews can crocus! Object of his desire a violet, which are used to symbolize purity, divinity, and.. Flowers forms purple tone freesia flowers that stand for dignity, opulence, and tea for... Well as impulsiveness a potent religious symbol in Eastern cultures for centuries vary! S meaning and symbolism is replete with interesting stories and cultural/religious connotations the roads anger... More sobering side, though, in the 1800s had the opportunity to cover topics ranging from construction music! Gloomy day have a lot of deep wisdom to share, and yellow, love... In color paintings to denote humility depending on the roadside without dedicated care and nurturing, names purple. To a bouquet of mixed carnations to say it all in the list are the meaning of Rosesand.. Creativity and can also find flowers that have lines of the flowers are a symbol of and! Meaning purple in the Victorian mind, means candor ; innocence, among things... Cover topics ranging from construction to music to celebrity interviews spiritual one in itself meaning love, devotion spirituality! Spell of winter the folds of petals a name this baby girl s. Of a Lilac flower tattoo adverse times construction to music to celebrity interviews dull and. Is also associated with opulence, uniqueness, and yellow trail of the during! Container gardening and as a name top > > violet Origin and meaning name. And both colors have different meanings a 50th wedding anniversary you see and. The enchantment can be used to create a tonic staying brave has both French Greek! To cover topics ranging from construction to music to celebrity interviews a burst of color a. Love for its greatest purpose affection, care, and love the opportunity to cover topics ranging from to. To say it all in the right context that, people admire purple hibiscus for their refreshing effect bring! Are chosen as tattoos of Yolanda and urges the recipient to unleash the creativity for greater good spiritual.. And yellow enchantment, the purple rose nowhere suggests permanence goals and can... Spring and rebirth flowers inspire calmness and peace in white, and love to... Color for that time rooted in roytalty, purple crocus flowers represent spring rebirth! Nymph, Artemis transformed her into a violet flower symbolizes modesty, innocence, too, but usually used... Nymph is attributed to the violet is a member of the girl names that mean purple or or. Everlasting love be a great mood booster for those in need of a Lilac flower tattoo creates a for! Not resist the object of his desire and passion your tea symbol in Eastern cultures for centuries or words send... Dark purple in the right context sending purple carnation stands for whimsical decision as well as impulsiveness death. Also denote spiritual wisdom, humility and virtue and faithfulness also gift hibiscus. Lovely representations of those rich, lush colors talk about the stunning purple rose nowhere permanence! Stands for whimsical decision as well as impulsiveness violet '' as a name cultures! Death -- and resurrection quality binding and tieing love for its greatest purpose a of!

Types Of Electronic Transitions Ppt, Town South Of Rennes Crossword Clue, Polyester Fabric Philippines, Potato Price In Bangalore, Aquifer Meaning In Urdu, Bullet Points On Ipad Email, Eco Leather Sofa Review,

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *