river birch bloom time

Bloom Time/Color: April-May; brown/green Fall Color: Yellow Uses: Specimen, shade tree, rain gardens Maintenance: Low Tree Shape: Pyramidal, round Other: Bronze birch borer resistant, deer resistant. They have cinnamon-colored bark that peels from the trunk. River Birch Betula nigra Birch family (Betulaceae) Description: This tree is 40-90' at maturity, often forming a trunk that divides early and developing an irregular crown. River birch are prized trees in Midwest gardens for their four season interest and aesthetics. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. Heat/drought tolerant. The leaves are oval, around 1-1/2 to 3 inches long, and 1 to 2 inches wide with slightly serrated margins and are shiny and medium green in color. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Betula nigra ‘Dura Heat’ is a decidedly superior variety of River Birch. In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Hardiness: Zones 4 to 9. Betula nigra. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Blooming Length: April to May. Use as specimen or near ponds and wet areas. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. If pruned too early in the year, when awakening from their winter rest, they bleed a heavy flow of sap. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. Birches are fast growing trees appreciated for their papery, peeling layers of bark, and river birch is no exception. Bloom Time: Spring. Cold Hardiness-20 to -30° F. Sun Exposure: Full sun. River Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. The birch's leaves are oval, 1 to 4 inches long. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. On the other hand, trees, like oaks and elms, prolong their bud break to protect against sudden drops in spring temperatures early on. PRIVACY POLICY|TERMS & CONDITIONS|SITE MAP. It is easy to grow, has a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. These are fast growing trees that are coveted for the peeling bark. Botanical Name: Betula nigra. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy The exfoliating bark on this birch species sets it apart in the landscape. Use as a s pecimen or in small groupings in any landscape, and in particular for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low areas. Exfoliating cinnamon-colored bark creates winter interest. Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. Aphids and sooty mold can be problems on river birches. Adaptation: In its native habitat, river birch grows well in low and medium elevations and is most common along streams. Height: 40-70 ft Width: 30-50 ft Soil Conditions: Moist/Well Drained Bloom Time: Apr Hardiness Zone: 3 TO 9. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? Full sun. River Birch. Special Features: Deer resistant. The dark green leaves are leathery to the touch and turn yellow in the fall. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Height: 40' Spread: 30-40' Space: 30-40' Growth Rate: Fast. 'Heritage' is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species (see Betula nigra 'Curly' HERITAGE). ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. One of the most disease-free birches. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Excellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. For example, some trees, like birch and willows, bloom early to lengthen their pre-summer food production time. An improved variety larger, glossier leaves that turn golden yellow in fall and better exfoliating bark color that provides year round interest. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. Beautiful large tree as focal point or shading. Weakened birches become vulnerable to the bronze birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity. Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Flower Bloom Time: Spring Flower Size: 1-3 inches Flower Description: The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Care Information: Avoid pruning in spring. ‘Dura Heat’ is a little more compact than the straight species River Birch and, as the name might suggest, has better heat tolerance. Sun Exposure - Sun JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. Male flowers appear on birch trees at the end of summer as clusters of erect catkins. Your climate may be too cold for this plant, SIGN-UP FOR DESIGN INSPIRATION AND UPDATES ON NEW PLANTS, 817 E. MONROVIA PLACEAZUSA, CALIFORNIA 91702-1385, LEGACY OUR STORY NURSERY LOCATIONS SUSTAINABILITY PRESS CAREERS INTERNSHIPS, FIND A MONROVIA PROFESSIONAL BECOME A MONROVIA PRO, CONTACT US FAQs RETURN POLICY SHIPPING INFO HOW TO ORDER ONLINE. The river birch is monoecious and bears male and female flower clusters called catkins on the same tree. Densely pyramidal form features glossy green diamond-shaped leaves. The 3″ pendant male flowers are much more noticeable than the shorter, erect female catkins. Still relatively short-lived when compared to many shade trees. Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. One of the most disease-free birches. Bark more showy than the regular native species. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. River birch in bloom (L) with the male catkins most noticeable (R). Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. Distinctive curling, blackish bark exfoliates to reveal varied shades of orange, gray, and lavender, depending on the cultivar. River birch are tall, graceful-looking trees. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. Deciduous. Guarantee: Earl May Nursery Stock Guarantee Inner bark is creamy white. This tree sports curling papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and diamond shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the breeze. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Additional Information: This River Birch has salmon-pink to reddish brown bark. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. About Heritage River Birch Clump. The graceful river birch has dark, satiny exfoliating bark in rich shades of brown and pink. Cultivar is a more resilient form of American native species. Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 40.00 to 70.00 feet Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet Bloom Time: April to May Bloom Description: Brown (male) and green (female) Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Maintenance: Low Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Rain Garden Leaf: Good Fall Other: Winter Interest A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins.Genus name is the Latin name for birch.Specific epithet means black. Common Names: River birch. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. The ideal spot is the north or east side of a building, where the tree will receive full sun in the morning and some shade during the afternoon. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. River birch put out catkins in the spring which can remain until autumn, adding to the splendor of its yellow fall color. They form at different times; the male catkins form in fall and bloom in the spring, when the female catkins appear. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … Better disease and insect resistance than other birch species; also very resistant to bronze birch borer. Foliage matures to a clear butter yellow in fall for outstanding specimen. The fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of seeds called catkins. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. River Birch Tree Facts. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Bloom Time: Grown for its foliage. The best time to prune River Birch trees is late summer or early Fall. Fertilize in early spring. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, … Growth Habit: Pyramidal to Round. Initially about 2 inches long, the green catkins overwinter on the tree, growing longer in the The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. Salmon-pink to reddish brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. The trunk bark of older mature trees is gray-brown and scaly, exfoliating only slightly, while the trunk bark of young trees exfoliates extensively, becoming ragged with patches of reddish brown, dull orange, or pinkish tan. These trees can be grown either with a single trunk or multi-stemmed. As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Over time the bark will show a whole host of colors, including orange, gray, lavender and salmon. Reported to have other better features than the regular native river birch. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks.. Size - Large . Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. No Retailers found within 50 miles of your zipcode. Birch are available as single trunk trees or those with multi-trunks as clumps. River Birch 'Cully' (Betula nigra) is often sold under the name HERITAGE. It can be grown as a single-stemmed specimen or multi-stemmed tree. Most species of birch grow best in cool, northern climates, but do not adapt well to the hot summers of USDA Zones 5-9 and can be short-lived therein. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. Design Ideas Heritage® river birch. Facts. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. The foliage is medium to dark green and obtains yellow margins in the fall. The tiny flowers are green or brown and are unimpressive and inconspicuous. Betula nigra is an Iowa native. Adapts well to heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage. River birch is monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) with flowers arranged in catkins. Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Good choice for the St. Louis area and generally a good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of USDA Zones 5-9. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Older trees display coarse scales. Water Needs: Moist, Well Drained Soil. Bloom Time - Bloom Color - USDA Hardiness Zone - 4a . Best Time of Year to Prune River Birch Trees. Noteworthy Characteristics. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. It is fast growing and provides shade about as quickly as any tree can. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Noteworthy Characteristics. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. Without pruning, it … Oval, serrated leaves are dark green in the summer, bright yellow in the fall Exfoliating, cream and tan bark reveals a lighter, inner bark 'Dura Heat', as the name states, has good tolerance to summer heat and drought Bloom Time: April to May In nature, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark, and multi-stemmed trunk. Resistant to bronze birch borer. Seed grown. Bloom Description: Brown (male) green (female), Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. Foliage - Deciduous . Leathery, diamond-shaped, medium to dark green leaves (1.5-3.5" long) with doubly toothed margins turn yellow in fall. Seldom requires pruning. - Narrow, pyramidal growth habit when young. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Unlike other trees, that should be pruned in late Fall to early Spring, the River Birch tree has a different timeline. Because birch are shallow-rooted, they prefer a location where the soil remains cool and moist while exposing the canopy to ample sunlight (about 6 hours daily). River Birch. Winter bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited to night lighting. River Birch. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. Tolerates moist areas. 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